Jupiter and Saturn are named as social planets, for it is mainly through the combination of the energies represented by these planets that are established the vision of life, the ethical structure and the forms of social action, which define largely the collective environment in each moment.
From November 2018 until the beginning of December 2019, both Jupiter and Saturn are domiciled in the signs they rule alone – Sagittarius and Capricorn, respectively – something that occurs approximately each 59 years, and is followed, about 2 years later, for a period in which the social planets transit the signs whose rulership they share with transpersonal planets – Pisces and Aquarius (what will happen in 2021/22).
Between these two periods of simultaneous positioning of the social planets in their respective rulerships the Jupiter-Saturn conjunction takes place, in December 2020 (whose exact aspect occurs in the first degree of Aquarius), initiating a new cycle in the development of social structures. Therefore, the values and social vision prevailing in 2019 prepare, in large part, the scenario in which the conjunction of 2020 and the Great Mutation into Air signs will occur.
Jupiter and Saturn are usually seen as opposites, from the old designations of “great benefic” and “great malefic” up to the modern symbolism of principle of expansion and principle of contraction. Effectively, Jupiter associates with the projection in the future, Saturn with the conservation of the past structures; Jupiter with abstract ideas, Saturn with empirical experience; Jupiter with inspiration and vision, Saturn with rational analysis; Jupiter with growth and prosperity, Saturn with constraints and privations; Jupiter with optimism and faith, Saturn with scepticism and pragmatism; Jupiter with protection and luck, Saturn with blockages and difficulties; Jupiter with the impulse to explore the world, Saturn with the need for security within the limits of the known; Jupiter with the confidence that allows to risk and to evolve, Saturn with the responsibility to build a stable structure.
All these correlations show that the influence of the social planets is essentially complementary. Jupiter prompts to diversify the experiences and the knowledge to broaden the perspective, which carries the risk of inconstancy. Saturn demands consolidation of ideas and attitudes to assume a social role, what has the risk of rigidity and stagnation. Movement and stabilization complement and balance themselves.
Between the most imposing planet of the solar system and the planet with the most admirable ring system there are also intersection points. Both social planets offer development (in the Jupiterian sense of expansion and understanding, or in the Saturnian sense of maturation and perfecting) and consciousness growth (through the comprehension of the issues enlarged by Jupiter, or through the tests and limitations that Saturn sets); and they also represent wisdom (Jupiter through the understanding that comes from the assimilation of knowledge and experiences, Saturn by mastery achieved from experience and time) and the encounter of meaning (Jupiter through the truth obtained by intuition or philosophical and metaphysical study, Saturn through effort and introspection about the earthly experience). Together they represent order, justice, social power, and above all social values – e.g., truth, ethics, freedom, fraternity and generosity (associated with Jupiter), responsibility, organization, rectitude, sobriety and fidelity (related to Saturn).
With Jupiter and Saturn transiting the signs they rule, and so more consonant with their nature, the energies symbolized by them are more genuinely expressed, therefore, the complementarity and the balance of their influences becomes even more essential.
Jupiter, in the sign that symbolizes the quest for meaning, can intensify the search and didactic dissemination of knowledge; promote the understanding and dissemination of universal principles and humanitarian ideals, as well as, philanthropic activities; facilitate the assimilation of cultural diversity and the confidence in intuitive perception. But without the moderation and pragmatism of Saturn, great excesses may occur, including the spreading and broad adherence to dogmatic ideas; the prominence of arrogant, moralistic and hypocritical attitudes, or postures of excessive optimism and indolence; the idealization of grandiose goals that do not materialize.
Saturn, in the sign that represents achievement in society, reinforces the appeal for social responsibility, especially, through the analysis and restructuring of power structures (social, political, financial, etc.) and practical fulfilment of social values and ideals. But the aspects of social judgment and control also tend to be accentuated in Capricorn, therefore, without Jupiter’s breadth of vision, attitudes of rigidity and sectarianism may become rooted; ultraconservative and authoritarian figures can be followed; protectionist and repressive policies can be created, erecting walls and generating fear and division.
In the earlier combination of Jupiter in Sagittarius with Saturn in Capricorn, in 1959/60, expressions of elevation of consciousness and of the pattern of values took place, and at the same time, divergent positions got extreme.
This was a period in which social concerns became more relevant in the policies of several Western countries, the decolonization of the African continent progressed greatly, and there was the outbreak of the counterculture movement that marked the 60’s, which included the struggle for equal rights and freedom of speech, the spread of pacifist ideals, and the adoption of alternative lifestyles (anti-consumerism, of spirituality rediscover, with environmental concerns and community values). On the other hand, in the middle of the Cold War, the ideological confrontation between the communist and capitalist regimes increased, manifest in the escalation of the Vietnam War, as well as the technological confrontation, expressed in the acceleration of the space race.
Currently we’re still living the repercussions of the financial crisis that has hit the world economy about a decade ago, with strong social and political impacts, and whose origin lays on a crisis of the collective values, which are dominated by a materialistic vision of insatiable profit-seeking that feeds an appetite for consumption above the real possibilities.
The scenarios that point to a possible replica of the crisis in the coming years reveal that, despite the measures in the economic and financial field, the values of society have not changed significantly. With Jupiter and Saturn domiciled, this is a privileged moment to activate that change, in the sense of developing more humane and less materialistic social values (at the same time that Pluto in Capricorn requires the regeneration of the power structures and Uranus in Taurus promotes the transformation of values in the relation with matter).
But if there’s no greater awareness and change in focus, social planets can combine to support current perception, for Saturn in Capricorn creates a notion of security based on increased regulation and supervision (beginning with financial markets), while Jupiter in Sagittarius provides an optimistic view of future growth and prosperity (currently focused on the economic perspective). And, faced with new challenges, the answers tend to arise in the form of dogmatism, proselytism, demagogy and populism.
In a higher expression, Saturn in Capricorn contributes to face situations realistically, to promote resource efficiency and consumption decrease. And Jupiter in Sagittarius provides a broader and clearer perspective of issues, so that free and conscious decisions can be made, in which the social rights and the common welfare take on greater importance than economic growth. Evenly combined, the principles of Jupiter and Saturn (potentiated in their rulerships) allow treading the path of responsible freedom and sustainable growth.
Only by looking realistically to the future that is built today, believing in the potentiality to do better tomorrow and acting with perseverance and common sense to materialize that improvement, can we make the most of this period of joint domiciliation of the social planets.