About one-fifth of humanity lives in China, it is one of the most populous nation of the world. But until the 19th century, though in touch with the West, China followed her own path of history unaffected by Western contact. The hugeness of China in land area and population makes it all the more extraordinary that for more than a thousand years a concept of unity was maintained. Other people were absorbed as China expanded. In traditional China, to be considered Chinese was not a matter of race or nationality in the Western sense it depended on an acceptance of Chinese customs and culture. Those who did not accept them were considered barbarians. The essence of traditional culture of China dating from the age of Conficius in the 6th century before Christ, was to emphasise the wholeness of the universe in which the ultimate goal all of the people was to strive together to achive harmony and universal peace. The Confucian tradition is idealistic and it emphasises virtue and happiness and its focus on the individual family unit tilling its soil, and in a vast land overhelmingly peopled by peasants it thus strenghtened local economic and social responsibility. According to the ideals of Confucius tradition the millions of family units were part of a whole ruled over by an emperor and his officials.
China by numbers
- Population: 1,3 21 million (July 2007 est)
- Population growth: (as a % of the total population) 0,606 % (2007 est)
- GDP (billion dollars) 2,200 (2005), 2,600 (2006) 3,100 (2007 projection)
- GDP real growth rate 10.7% (2006 est)
- Labor force 798 million (2006 est)
- Labor force – by occupation
- Agriculture 45%
- Industry 24%
- Services 31% (2005 est)
- High tech exports: 220 billion dollars (2005)
- R&D spending 0.95% (2001) 1,34% (2005)
- Percentage earning less than 1 USD per day 17,8% (2000) 9,9% (2005)
- The size of army: 2,255,000 (2003)
Until the 19th century
The living traditions of Chinese culture were so strong that they absorbed the alien peoples who conquered China and so turned them into Chinese. These included Mongol Dynasty and in the mid 17th century the Manchus who ruled from then until the revolution of 1911 as the Ch’ing dynasty. The political and cultural continuity of China persisted, overcoming periods of internal rebellion and war. Integration, not disintegration was the dominant theme of more than a millennium of Chinese history until the mid-19th century.
From the later Ch’ing period in the 1840’s until the close of the civil war in 1949, China knew no peace and passed through a number of phases of disintegration which no single ruler who followed the Ch’ing dynasty after 1911. In the 19th century Manchu Ch’ing Dynasty was defeated by the West. The West saw an opportunity to trade in China and the British fought the Opium Wars between 1839-1942 and China ceded her opening territory Hong Kong and were forced to open her trade to Britain. Western powers acquired territorial settlements, colonies, rights to trade in “treaty ports”. The largest, the foreign settlements of Shangai comprised a Chinese population of more than 1 million subordinated to 35,000 Westerners.
The history of Modern China originates from the 1911 October revolution when Manchu Dynasty was overthrown by Sun Yat-sen ho was elected president of the United Provinces of China. On 1 January 1912 he was inaugurated and issued an edict proclaiming the Republic. Later we could compare this chart (no time available) with the chart Communist China. After the second world war, the Communists under Mao Zedong established a dictatorship till 1976 when he died, while ensuring China’s sovereignty, imposed strict controls over everyday life which cost the lives of tens of millions of people.
Chart 1. China 1 October 1949, 15:15, Beijing, China, Source The Book of World Horoscopes
Interpreting the Communist China
This is a diurnal chart and the Sun, though in its detriment, is in a masculine sign which gives him hayz quality. Having this quality, makes the Sun stronger because its in his own light. Planets that in their own sect, behaves directly, naturally and acts smoothly in a unhindered way. Along with its house position, which is the Sun in the 9th house, with Mercury and Neptune, these remind us the philosophical background of China and her rich past. Taoism, great philosophy of balance and Confucianism which emphasize honesty and loyalty but also reluctant employing laws coud gice rise to corrption and nepotism which became the official state ideology in the ancient China are represented by this Libran Sun, Mercury and Neptune conjunction in the 9th house. It is crucial to note that both Confucianism and Taoism do not have a theology of a creator-deity. Fareed Zakaria points the difference between Chinese and Western worldviews. He writes that “In the 2007 Pew Survey, when asked whether one must beleive in God to be moral, a comfortable majority of Americans (57 per cent) said yes. In Japan and China, however, much larger majorities said no- In China, a whopping 72 per cent! This is a striking and unusual divergence from the norm, even in Asia. According to Joseph Needham, an eminent scholar of Confucianism is simply not a religion. Confucius was a teacher, not prophet or holy man in any sense. (the 9th house Sun, Mercury –Neptune conjunction in Libra)
Although Confucianism was not able to modernise China in the 19th century, until the 19th century, Confucian bureaucracy were intense and impressive. The task of Confucian scholar or official is to interpret in government the day-to-day means of achieving the Confucian goal of perfect harmony (dao), and hold the emperor accountable for his decisions. Yet, Confucian official has sometimes been described as the embodiment of the impractical and the other-worldly which are indeed strong indications of the 9th house. This strong intellectual understanding is also in effortless harmony with Chinese people’s needs and traditions which are shown by the Moon in Aquarius in the first house.
The first house gives the image of the country, myhts of the nation and the national characteristics, along with any planet in the first house. Aquarius ascendant, doubtless to say, represents the brotherhood, spirit of community, public mindedness and communism as a dominant outlook in life. Aquarius Moon (the people, the masses) conjunct with the Asc degree can be seen in the official name the People’s republic as the Asc represents how it is appeared to the others. This sign is also related with reforms and revolutions and it is interesting to note that China has been one of countries in which many public upheavels and uprisings, dramatic demonstrations were striking examples in the world history. Sun square the Uranus emphasize this tendency much further. China’s peasants responded in the only way they could. They engaged in periodic violent and sustained protests, so that China has a history of bottom-up rebellion unsurpassed anywhere else in the world. Revolt came to be understood as a justified, almost legitimate expression of dissent and anger. It was a institiunal cleansing. Five major Chinese imperial dynasties (Qin, Han, Sui, Yuan and Ming) sucummed to these dramatic protests. Communist revolution in 1949, Cultural revolution in 1966, Tiannamen square revolt in 1989 represent us this dynamic tendency for periodic protests.
Saturn in Virgo in the house of crises
This tense and uneasy combination is also reflected in the aversion of Virgo Saturn to the first house. As the ruler of the Asc, Saturn shows the conditions of the Chinese people and its relative power to have a say in the direction of the country. Saturn in Virgo in the 8th house, shows the hardworking peasants and workers under difficult conditions who does not have any direct influence on their own destination. The 8th house is a place of violent expression, transformations and crises. We would say that state philosophy of ancient empires which imprinted dedication, submission and a meticilous approach on the collective psyche of Chinese people have been still resonating in the modern China. Mercury which is in mutual reception with Saturn (on the same degree) and an unaspected Saturn represent this isolated pattern. Saturn in Virgo surely is a sign of workers unhealty and destructive conditions.
To be countiue…