Vedic astrology has two distinct methods of timekeeping: those which originated in the Vedas, and the more familiar ones, used in horoscopic/personal astrology. Both are valuable and serve distinct functions when selecting auspicious times. Typically these two distinct systems are muddled together. In this class both methods will be explored and contrasted with many case studies to illustrate. Implicit in this discussion are tropical/sidereal zodiac, astrology in religious ceremonies, personal timekeeping (horoscopic/earth-centric) and spiritual (Vedic/celestial) timekeeping.